The International Council on Infertility Information Dissemination, Inc

Constancy and Permanence: Introduction

Photo of Holly van Gulden

This is the first in a series about "Constancy" and "Permanence" as it applies to child development. These video clips are good for any parent to watch but should be of particular interest to parents of children who were adopted from foster care or internationally. Many children have been traumatized and as a result experience attachment struggles. Since 1985, Holly van Gulden has been teaching and counseling adoptive and foster parents and training adoption professionals. She has worked throughout the United States, England, Scotland, and Canada. In addition, for over fifteen years, she has codirected Adoptive Family Counseling Center.
We highly recommend this series for educators who want to understand children with attachment and trauma issues.


Go to the next Video - Constancy 1


Constancy: Video 1: What Makes Constancy?

Constancy: Video 1 with Holly Van Guilden


Go to Constancy Video 2

Constancy: Video 3: What is a common symptom of a lack of constancy?

Lying is the most common symptom of the lack of constancy. And it makes perfect sense for a child who has experienced loss and early trauma - Watch!


The video clips go from Contancy 3 to Video 5. We have not located the missing video in the sequence. If someone has a link to the video, please contact us.

Go to next video: Constancy 5

Constancy Video 7: How to help children who experienced trauma.

Holly Van Gulden explains approaches to help children who experienced trauma.


Go to Constancy Video 8

Constancy Video 8: How to treat a lack of constancy

Holly Van Gulden describes the treatments for constancy.


Go to the Video on Permanence Next