Normal Ranges for a Semen Analysis

Body: 

Normal Ranges for a Semen Analysis*

Parameter

Normal Ranges

Color

Gray/Transluscent

Coagulate?

Yes

Liquify?

Yes

  If yes, time in minutes

Less than or equal to 30

Volume (mL)

2 to 6

Viscosity (1,2,3,4)

1

pH

7.5 to 8.1

% Motility

Greater than or equal to 50%

% of 3-4 + Forward Motile Sperm

Greater than or equal to 50%

Sperm Concentration (x 1 Million per mL)

20-200

Total Sperm Count (x 1 Million per mL)

Greater than or equal to 40

Total Motile Sperm (x 1 Million per mL)

Greater than or equal to 20

White Blood Cells (x 1 Million per mL)

Less than or equal to 1

Agglutination (0,1,2,3)

 

  Clumping of sperm to sperm

0

  Clumping of sperm to round cells

0

% Normal Morphology

Greater than or equal to 30%

Penetrak Score (mm)

Greater than or equal to 30

 

mL = milliliter

mm=millimeter

   

Based on World Heath Organization criteria, 1992. Table excerpted from Berger, G.S., Goldstein, M., and Fuerst, M. (1995). The Couple's Guide to Fertility. New York: Doubleday.

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