The International Council on Infertility Information Dissemination, Inc

Permanence Video 3: What causes the absence of permanence?

Holly Van Gulden explains why children lack a sense of permanence.


Go to Permanence Video 4

Permanence Video 4: What Happens Without Permanence?

Holly Van Gulden explains what happens if children don't develop or have permanence in their life.


Go to Permanence Video 5

Permanence Video 5: What are the symptoms of a lack of permanence?

Holly Van Gulden describes the symptoms children display that show a lack of permanence.


Go to Permanence Video 6

Permanence 6: When does it develop?

Holly Van Gulden explains the process and development of symptoms surrounding the absense of permanence in a child's life.


Go to Permanence Video 7

Permanence Video 7: An Example of the Lack of Permanence

Holly Van Gulden describes a lack of permanence using 9/11 as an example.


Go to Permanence Video 8

Permanence: Video 9 Holly Van Guilden

Holly Van Gulden describes exercises or games for parents/carers to use with children to help build permanence.


Permanence Video 8 Permanence 8 - How can you build permanence?

Holly Van Gulden speaks about how to build permenence into a child's life.


Go to Permanence Video 9

Permance Video 9: Exercises & Game for Permanence Reinforcement

Holly Van Gulden describes exercises or games for parents/carers to use with children to help build permanence.


Back to Attachment and Bonding

Trauma and its Impact (Presentation by Marcie Cohen, LCSW)

Many INCIID consumers consider adding to their families through adoption. The attachment and bonding with a child who enters your family through adoption will be different. Sometimes children have significant trauma histories. Sometimes our consumers have children under difficult birth circumstances and there is medical trauma. If you have a child who has experienced any kind of early trauma including medical trauma, or who has witnessed domestic violence, or maybe your child is internationally adopted, or adopted from foster care or you are a foster parent; you may want to look through this presentation. Early childhood trauma can mean significant issues with a child's education. These issues or behavior are very often misunderstood. Marcie Cohen is a social worker in a major Northern Virginia school district. Fairfax County Public Schools are informing their staff, teachers and parents about the importance of trauma sensitivity and awareness.

A presentation from Marcie Cohen, MSW, LCSW during a special education conference for Fairfax County Public Schools in Northern Virginia on March 1, 2014


Consumer Product Safety for Parents

Consumer Product Safety Commission

Be Sure Your Child Care Setting Is As Safe As It Can Be

Note: CPSC's safety recommendations regarding window cord hazards have been
updated. See Children Can Strangle in Window Covering Cords
html or pdf
Spanish Version (pdf)

About 31,000 children, 4 years old and younger, were treated in U.S. hospital emergency rooms for injuries at child care/school settings in 1997. CPSC is aware of at least 56 children who have died in child care settings since 1990.
In a recent national study, CPSC staff visited a number of child care settings and found that two-thirds of them had one or more potentially serious hazards. Use the safety tips in this checklist (or the published, illustrated version in pdf  (Texto Español) to help keep young children safe.

Child Care Safety Checklist for Parents and Child Care Providers

  • CRIBS: Make sure cribs meet current national safety standards and are in good condition. Look for a certification safety seal. Older cribs may not meet current standards. Crib slats should be no more than 2 3/8" apart, and mattresses should fit snugly.

This can prevent strangulation and suffocation associated with older cribs and mattresses that are too small.

  • SOFT BEDDING: Be sure that no pillows, soft bedding, or comforters are used when you put babies to sleep. Babies should be put to sleep on their backs in a crib with a firm, flat mattress.

This can help reduce Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and suffocation related to soft bedding.

  • PLAYGROUND SURFACING: Look for safe surfacing on outdoor playgrounds - at least 12 inches of wood chips, mulch, sand or pea gravel, or mats made of safety-tested rubber or rubber-like materials.

This helps protect against injuries from falls, especially head injuries.

  • PLAYGROUND MAINTENANCE: Check playground surfacing and equipment regularly to make sure they are maintained in good condition.

This can help prevent injuries, especially from falls.

  • SAFETY GATES: Be sure that safety gates are used to keep children away from potentially dangerous areas, especially stairs.

Safety gates can protect against many hazards, especially falls.

  • WINDOW BLIND AND CURTAIN CORDS: Be sure miniblinds and venetian blinds do not have looped cords. Check that vertical blinds, continuous looped blinds, and drapery cords have tension or tie-down devices to hold the cords tight. Check that inner cord stops have been installed. See for the latest blind cord safety information.

These safety devices can prevent strangulation in the loops of window blind and curtain cords.

  • CLOTHING DRAWSTRINGS: Be sure there are no drawstrings around the hood and neck of children's outerwear clothing. Other types of clothing fasteners, like snaps, zippers, or hook and loop fasteners (such as Velcro), should be used.

Drawstrings can catch on playground and other equipment and can strangle young children.

  • RECALLED PRODUCTS: Check that no recalled products are being used and that a current list of recalled children's products is readily visible.

Recalled products pose a threat of injury or death. Displaying a list of recalled products will remind caretakers and parents to remove or repair potentially dangerous children's toys and products.